The most common periodontal diseases?

The most common periodontal diseases are gingivitis and periodontitis.

Gingiva is a tissue with a firm consistency of a light pink color that is located around the teeth. If there is a change in the color of the gingiva to a dark red or blue-purple color, it means that there has been inflammation of the gums or inflammation of the gingiva. Gingivitis is an early stage of gum disease that causes inflammation and bleeding gums. Plaque build-up is usually the cause and can often be resolved with proper oral hygiene and regular dental cleanings.

Periodontitis is a progressive disease of the tissue that connects the root of the tooth to the bone and is located between the root of the tooth and the dental cup in which the tooth is located in the bone. Periodontal disease, also known as gum disease, is an infection of the tissues and bones that support the teeth. It is caused by the accumulation of plaque and tartar on the teeth and gums, which leads to inflammation, bleeding and eventually periodontitis.

Periodontitis is a more advanced stage of gum disease that occurs when gingivitis is left untreated. This causes the gums to pull away from the teeth, creating pockets that can become infected. The infection can damage the bones and supporting tissues of the tooth, leading to tooth loss if left untreated. It is often caused by a combination of plaque and tartar build-up, as well as other factors such as smoking, genetics and stress.