What is endodontics or root canal treatment?

Root canal treatment is necessary when the pulp of the tooth becomes infected or inflamed. This can be caused by deep decay, a crack in the tooth, or trauma to the tooth. Symptoms of an infected or inflamed pulp include severe tooth pain, sensitivity to hot or cold temperatures, and a swollen or tender jaw. The procedure used to save a damaged or infected tooth by removing the infected pulp and replacing it with a filling material is called endodontics.

What is inside the tooth?

Inside the tooth is a soft tissue called the pulp. The pulp contains nerves, blood vessels and connective tissue. If the pulp of the tooth has to be removed due to infection, the tooth can survive without the pulp as it continues to feed through the soft tissue surrounding its root.

What are the causes of nerve diseases?

The causes of inflammation and nerve diseases can be:

  • Repeated treatments on the tooth
  • Broken parts of teeth
  • A deep carious lesion

Root canal treatment procedure

During root canal treatment, the dentist will numb the area around the affected tooth and make a small opening at the top of the tooth to access the pulp chamber. They will then use special instruments to remove the infected or inflamed pulp and then clean and shape the canals inside the tooth. Once the canals are cleaned, they will be filled with a rubber-like material and sealed with filling material. In most cases, a crown will be placed over the treated tooth to protect it and return it to normal function.